1. Capra Ibex
Length: 69 – 98 centimeters
Capra Ibex aka Alpine Ibex is a wild goat species that love living in rocky regions along the snowline above alpine forests. They are the wild mountain goats that have huge back-curving horns on both males and females. The horns are useful for them when it comes to defending themselves against predators apart from climbing to high areas. Their predators are mainly wolves, bears, foxes, and lynxes while smaller ones are ᴀᴛᴛᴀᴄᴋᴇᴅ by birds like eagles.
These animals with large horns are diurnal and live in bachelor groups in herds of 10 to 20 individuals. The male and females herds only join together during ᴍᴀᴛɪɴɢ season, and that’s it. As for their population, they were practically ᴇxᴛɪɴᴄᴛ since the beginning of the 19th century due to the ʜᴜɴᴛing for their horns. After years of extensive protection, the number has improved now but is still close to ᴇxᴛɪɴᴄᴛion just a little better.
Length: 35 – 75 centimeters
Blackbuck aka Indian Antelope is a species of antelope that you can find in India, Nepal, and Pakistan. This type of animals has regular need of water so they prefer areas where water is perennially available. The most striking feature of blackbucks is of course, the long spiraling horns with ridges from the base to almost the tips. Just like most animals with the longest horns, only the makes possesses such horns, the females don’t have such long horns.
3. Scimitar Oryx
Length: 1 – 1.2 meters
The extremely long length is something, but the thin and symmetrical appearance is another thing that makes them unique. The horns curve backwards, and the length goes the same with both males and females. The only drawback is that their horns are so thin they can break easily, but they don’t use them to fight. You can find them in semi-deserts and deserts, and they feed on foliage, grasses, succulent plants, and plant parts. The sad thing is they are ᴇxᴛɪɴᴄᴛ in some regions due to over-ʜᴜɴᴛing, human disturbance, ᴅʀᴏᴜɢʜᴛ, and loss of food.
Fun Fact: Scimitar Oryx can go up to 10 months without drinking water in the deserts.
Length: Up to 1.6 meters
Goes by many nicknames, Markhor aka Shakhawat is a type of wild goat with very long horns as you can see. These goats are one of the enᴅᴀɴɢᴇʀed and largest species of wild goat found across Western and Central Asia. Both males and females are gifted with long and beautiful twisting horns with great length. Markhor inhabit in shrub forests of high mountains, and they live in flocks usually around 9 members of females and their young.
Length: 76 – 120 centimeters
The twisted and large horns, Addax is one of the targets of ʜᴜɴᴛers for their priceless horns. These large desert dwelling antelope is a critically enᴅᴀɴɢᴇʀed mammal that you can find in Sahara desert in North Africa. Both male and female have horns and a patch of brown hair on their foreheads which forms an X shape over their nose. As for their horns, there are a few twists which sometimes can be as long as 120 centimeters in males. ʜᴜɴᴛers and ᴘᴏᴀᴄʜers are not their only ᴛʜʀᴇᴀᴛs, massive disturbance from oil installations also play a part. There are fewer than 500 individuals exist in the wild today.
6. Ankole Longhorn
Length: 1.82 – 2.43 meters
Also known as Ankole-Watusi is a modern American breed domestic cattle with ginormous horns at great size and length. Yup, they are the animals with the longest horns in the world ranking number one. Their horns can literally span with the length higher than an average man when measuring one tip to another. They use their horn for defense, and those horns are also helpful in regulating their internal temperature. There are blood vessels inside the horns that help with circulation and cool them down when it gets overheated.
Fun Fact: Ankole Longhorns sleep in circle with the calves in the middle for greater security.
Length: Up to 85 centimeters
Here we have a type of wild sheep that you can find in both Asia (Caucasus, Iraq, and Iran) and Europe (Corsia, Sardinia, and Cyprus). Mouflon usually live in open forested areas on the steep mountains sides as well as mountain meadows. Male mouflons have attractive large curved horns, and the horns grow throughout their entire life. They use their large horns to fight with other mouflons to attract and impress the females. The fascinating part is larger horns ensure higher position and greater dominance. Female mouflons also have horns, but very small in size while some other females don’t have horns at all.
8. Asian Water Buffalo
Length: Up to 1.5 meters
No kidding, these large bovids have unbelievably long horns that none of us expect. There was this one water buffalo that was shot in 1955 with horns measured 4.24 meters long. You can find them in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China as well as Europe, Australia, North America, South America, and some African countries. Water buffaloes are especially suitable for tilling rice fields while their milk is richer in fat and protein than that of dairy cow. They are also the largest member of the Bovini tribe that includes yak, bison, African buffalo, and various wild cattle.
Length: 20 – 80 centimeters
With the nickname of Himalayan Blue Sheep, you might think it has something to do with their color. Just a little bluish tint on its fur, and that’s it. Bharals are not only among the animals with the longest horns but also with smooth and beautiful ones. The horns of a male bharal grow upwards, turn sideways and curve backwards like an upside-down mustache. As for females, the horns are much shorter and straighter.
Length: 22 – 38 centimeters
Only male saiga possesses horns, and their horns are thick and slightly transculent along with 12 to 20 pronounced rings. Those spiral horns are a light and dusky pink with the luster of jade, the beauty that leads them to the brink of ᴇxᴛɪɴᴄᴛion. Saigas have been the target of ʜᴜɴᴛing since prehistoric ages mainly for food back then but for horns now. The horn of the saigas are used in traditional Chinese medicines, and the price is very high as well. Nowadays, saigas in endagered due to ʜᴜɴᴛing and ᴘᴏᴀᴄʜing.