Capybara, (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris), also called carpincho or water hog is a semiaquatic mammal of Central and South America. They are the largest living rodent with 1.25 metres (4 feet) long and weigh 66 kg (145 pounds) or more. The capybara is the sole member of the family Hydrochoeridae. It resembles the cavy and guinea pig of the family Caviidae.
These Capybara love the water, they really do. They have webbed feet to help them swim and, while they can’t breathe underwater, they can stay underwater with just their nose sticking out for a seriously long time. These semi-aquatic creatures spend a lot of time in the water whether they’re eating vegetation or evading predators. Capybaras can dive and stay underwater for up to 5 minutes at a time—often falling asleep in the water whilst keeping their nose at the edge of the banks. Napping along rivers, mangroves and marshes helps them to stay cool.
While Capybaras feel at home by the water’s edge, they certainly know their way around the land, and are capable of reaching speeds of up to 35 kilometers an hour—that’s as fast as a horse!
Unlike The Princess Bride’s ferocious Rodents of Unusual Size, these particular rodents are known for their amiable demeanor. But sometimes, They are shy and associate in groups along the banks of lakes and rivers. The gregarious Capybara prefers to live among large herds of around 10-20, and is frequently seen mixing with other animals.They like to express themselves by purring, barking, cackling, whistling, squealing, whining, grunting and even teeth-chattering—depending on what they’re trying to communicate. Al.erts from group members can be environmental cues, including as da.nger from predators and isolation of their young.
Capybara normally feed in the morning and evening and spend most of the day resting under cover along the banks. They are vegetarian and in cultivated areas sometimes become pests by eating melons, grain, and squash. They swim and dive readily and commonly enter water to elude predators such as jaguars and anacondas. Like all the best animals, the capybara gives us a little food for thought regarding what it means to be human. The social structures of their communities are also incredibly cooperative. Stunningly, these friendly critters don’t ever seem to knock back a ride sharing request from another animal. A whole host of bird species, monkeys, rabbits, and even other Capybaras have been spotted seated, perched or laying on the back of much-obliging “moving chairs”.